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Bangladesh inherited the legal framework on intellectual property (IP) dating back to British India. The Patents, Designs, and Trademarks Act of 1883 is the earliest legislation found to
protect IP. Subsequently, it was repealed and the new Patents and Designs Act was enacted in
1911 and the Trademarks Act in 1940. In 2003, both the Patents and Designs Act, 1911 and the
Trademarks Act, 1940 were amended and the Department of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks
(DPDT) was formed under the Ministry of Industries merging two independently operational
offices – the Patent Office and the Trademark Registry Office.In 2008, the Trademarks
The ordinance was promulgated and in 2009, the Trademarks Act was enacted.
The copyright system in Bangladesh was originated from the British copyright system and later the
copyright ordinance, 1962, an amalgamation of existing different copyright laws was
promulgated. This ordinance was administered up to 1999. After that, the Copyright Act, 2000
was enacted in 2000 and was amended in 2005.
Also, “The Penal Code of Bangladesh” comprises several penal laws against the violations
of various intellectual property rights (IPR).
Bangladesh participated in the convention establishing the World Intellectual Property
Organization (WIPO) on May 11, 1985. Bangladesh became a member of the Paris Convention
for the Protection of Industrial Property in 1991 and the Berne Convention for the Protection
of Literary and Artistic Works in 1999.
Bangladesh is a signatory of the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
agreement of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which came into force on January 1, 1995.
The TRIPS Agreement sets detailed, compulsory, and common standards for all countries
following the dispute settlement system of the WTO. Being a member of LDCs Bangladesh is
enjoying the extended transition period to bring herself into compliance with its rules.